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The meniscus is located within the knee joint and can be divided into a medial meniscus and a lateral meniscus. Both are crescent-shaped and enhance stability as well as pressure distribution within the knee joint.


The meniscus is composed of fibrocartilage and there is one meniscus on the outer and inner side of the knee joint, respectively. They are crescent-shaped and situated between the thigh bone and shin bone. The meniscus provides stability and improves pressure distribution within the knee joint.

Injuries to the meniscus can cause pain and limited mobility. The symptoms may vary depending on the size and location of the meniscal tear. The inner meniscus is less flexible than the outer meniscus and is more susceptible to injuries. Meniscal tears often occur during rotational movements of the knee joint while simultaneously bending or hyperextending.


In addition to clinical examination, suspicion of a meniscus injury warrants magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Only through MRI is it possible to visualize the menisci and describe a tear more accurately.


The type of treatment depends on the symptoms, the course of the condition, and MRI findings. Not every meniscal injury requires surgery! If surgery is necessary, we always aim to preserve as much meniscus as possible to prevent joint degeneration in the future. We can treat larger meniscal damages through an arthroscopic surgery (joint inspection) using a keyhole technique to achieve rapid mobilization and pain relief after the operation. Whenever possible, we attempt to preserve the meniscus through meniscal repair.

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