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Osgood-Schlatter disease is a condition that occurs in children and adolescents during growth and is caused by repeated overloading of the patellar tendon at the tibial tuberosity.


The tibial tuberosity is a bony prominence at the front lower end of the shinbone, where the patellar tendon attaches.

The most common cause of Osgood-Schlatter disease is overuse from intense physical activities such as running, jumping, and squatting. In growing children, uneven growth rates between the patellar tendon and the bone can also lead to tendon strain and thus the development of Osgood-Schlatter disease.

Typical symptoms of Osgood-Schlatter disease include pain and swelling at the tibial tuberosity, particularly during movement and physical activity.


Diagnosis is typically made through a physical examination and imaging techniques such as X-rays or MRI scans.


Treatment of Osgood-Schlatter disease is usually conservative. Anti-inflammatory medications and local injections may be used to alleviate pain and inflammation. Physiotherapy can help stretch and strengthen the tendon. Resting the affected leg is generally advisable as well.

In rare cases, surgery may be necessary to smooth the tibial tuberosity or to remove loose bodies or inflamed tissue. The prognosis for Osgood-Schlatter disease is generally good, as most patients fully recover through conservative treatment methods.

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